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28.07.2013

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seit 05.04.2010

Buttnmandl - Die Berchtesgadener Buttnmandl

Buttnmandl – Butt n man dl.


There is no English translation for Buttnmandl. The Buttnmandl follow St. Nicholas to scare away evil spirits in the run up to Christmas and to awaken Mother Nature.

Taken from the Book, “Nicholas and his Buttnmandl” by Martin Hallinger. From 1601 to 2004 is a Advents Tradition in the Buttnmandl – Butt n man dl.


There is no English translation for Buttnmandl. The Buttnmandl follow St. Nicholas to scare away evil spirits in the run up to Christmas and to awaken Mother Nature.

Taken from the Book, “Nicholas and his Buttnmandl” by Martin Hallinger. From 1601 to 2004 is a Advents Tradition in the Berchtesgaden Valley

Originally the Buttenmandl used to run on the three Religious Incensing Nights, Christmas Eve, New Years Eve and on the Eve of Holy Three Kings Day (05 January). Due to the Christianisation of these Customs, and along with the combination of the upcoming Saint Nicholas, the Tradition, circa. 1760,  was gradually changed to Advent. Up until the1950´s almost all of the Berchtesgaden Region still celebrated the old Rituals on Christmas Eve.
The Parade is lead by Nicholas (Nicholas von Myra) and his “Nicholas Girl” (in Loipl / Bischofswiesen and Schönau in Königsee) or an “Angel” (Winkl / Bischofswiesen), and followed by the “Buttnmandl” and the Runners rattling their bells. The “Buttnmandl” are men clad in long threshed straw and carry large Cowbells on their Backs. They wear masks (Larven, spoken Loav´n) made out of Fur or Wood, with horns, long teeth and a lolling tongue. The Runners are the Devils Creations. They also wear “Loav´n”, are clad in Animal Fur, they also carry Switches made out of Birch (Rute) and keep the “Buttnmandl” together. The “Rute” is used to keep unwanted onlookers away. These Customs are usually practised within Familiar Circles and House calls are made in private, spectators are tolerated. Before the Parade all Members pray to “Our Father” say a “Hail Mary”, afterwards an “Angel of the Lord” sprinkles the “Buttnmandl” and the Runners with Holy Water. This is also a private Ritual and onlookers are asked to keep back to a respectable distance of 300 Meters.
The Crowd led by St. Nicholas go House to House visiting the gathered Family members. Purifying ringing and wild cries announce the approach of St Nicholas to the Tenures and Homesteads. Greeted with a “Praise be to Jesus Christ” and sprinkled with Holy Water from the Man of the House, the man impersonating St. Nicholas is then allowed to enter the Living Room with his “Buttnmandl”. After three knocks with his “Crosier” St .Nicholas prays his “Buttnmandl” to quieten down. St. Nicholas also greets the Family Members with a “Praise be to Jesus Christ” and begins to recount his “Path into the Valley”, he then proceeds to read out the good deeds and wrongdoings from his Golden Book. The Children sing songs and recite poems and prayers. As a reward the children receive presents (Apples, Nuts, a form of Gingerbread and Fruit Bread) the older naughtier children (usually the Girls) are dragged out of the Room, by the “Buttnmandl” get thrown into the Snow then get covered.    
Usually after St. Nicholas leaves the room the Crowd would clear out the room of furniture and pray before the house door to exorcize evil spirits. Shortly afterwards the ritual is over and the mob moves onto the next tenure or house.

MH

 

Photos from the Buttnmandl

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